Our Goossen ancestors came over from Russia crossing the Atlantic on four different ships.
S. S. Teutonia
Maria Goossen, Franz M. Goossen’s aunt, was the first of our Goossen ancestors to come to America. By Aug 1874 she had been married to Johann Krause for 2 years. In the passenger list he uses the name Cornel Krause. This might be to help distinguish him from the other Johann Krauses on this voyage. She and her husband traveled to Kansas with the group from Alexanderwhol led by Dietrich Gaeddert. They departed from Antwerp on 16 Aug 1874, sailed on the Teutonia, and arrived in New York on 3 Sep 1874. They arrived in Topeka on 10 Sep 1874 and settled in Spring Valley Township, McPherson, Kansas.
The Teutonia was a 2,693 gross ton steamer of iron construction built in 1856. She had a length of 282.1 feet and a beam of 39.4 feet. She had a clipper bow, one funnel and three masts, single screw and a speed of 10 knots. She started sailing for the Hamburg America Line on 15 Jul 1859. In 1872 she was fitted with compound engines. She was scrapped in 1894.
Five years later, when Franz M. Goossen was 6 months old, his parents brought him to America. His father, Franz H. Goossen traveled with his in-laws, Wilhelm and Eva Unruh. His mother is listed as Margaret. They sailed from Antwerp aboard the S. S. Vaderland, disembarking at Philadelphia on 29 Jun 1877 and arriving in Newton, Kansas on 4 Jul 1877.
The “Vaderland” was a 2,748 gross ton steamer of iron construction built in 1872 for the Red Star Line. She had a length of 320.5 feet and a beam of 38.5 feet. She had a straight stem, one funnel, three masts, single screw and a speed of 13 knots. She was unusual in that her engines and funnel were aft, possibly designed that way as she was originally built to carry passengers and petroleum, although she never carried the latter. There was accommodation for 30 first (later 70 first) and 800 third class passengers. She sailed under the Belgian flag until March 1889 when she was sold to French owners and renamed “Geographique”. She was sunk in collision in Oct 1889.
The third group to come were not yet Goossens, but Franz M. Goossen’s future wife and her family. Susanna Duerksen came to America on the Stassburg with her father and mother John and Aganetha. Aganetha’s father also came on this voyage with his wife Maria Unrau. They arrived in New York on 2 Jul 1878.
The Strassburg was a 3,025 gross ton steamer of iron construction built in 1872 for the North German Lloyd Line. She had a length of 350 feet and a beam of 39 feet. She had a straight bow, 1 funnel, 2 masts, 1 screw and a speed of 10 knots. There were accommodations for 60 first, 120 second, and 900 third class passengers. She was scrapped in 1897.
Finally, Franz M. Goossen’s grandfather and some of his uncles came over on the Switzerland in 1879. His oldest aunt, Maria, had already made the trip on the “Teutonia” in 1874. Now his grandparents, Heinrich and Maria, along with his uncle Jacob and aunt Justina made the trip arriving in Philadelphia on 24 Jun 1879.
The “Switzerland” was a 2,816 gross ton steamer of iron construction, built in 1874 for the Red Star Line of Antwerp. She had a length 329.4 feet and a beam of 38.6 feet. She had a straight stem, one funnel, two masts, single screw, a 2 cylinder compound engine and a speed of 13 knots. There was accommodation for 70 first and 800 third class passengers. In 1897, she was refitted to carry third class only and on 26 Oct 1904 commenced her last voyage from Philadelphia to Antwerp. In 1905, she was sold to Italian owners and renamed “Sansone” and was scrapped in Italy in 1909.
The “Onkel” that stayed behind
Franz M. Goossen had one uncle who remained in Russia. Uncle Heinrich Gossen was born 31 Jan 1849 in Landskrone, South Russia to Heinrich and Maria Goossen. On 12 Jun 1868 he married Anna Wiens. They had 6 daughters and one son. Anna died 20 Feb 1880. On 18 Nov 1882, Heinrich Gossen married Eva Voth. They had 6 boys and 4 girls. Heinrich Gossen died 24 Jul 1934 in the Ukraine. His descendants spell Gossen with one “o”.